The Middle-East countries while fighting against tyrannical leaders are hoping something better, but how much better they can do, if corruption is rampant, crudeness prevails, external forces are manipulating situation and there is no proper leadership or ideology to take place. Those in barricades are most oppressed, angry people, they might not have much idea of how to implement better policies, how to lead the country, how to reorganize. Didi Annapurna
Sarkar about Nuclear Revolution, 1969, Ranchi
One of the scientific processes of social change is viplava or revolution.
Replacing one age by another within a short period of time through the application of tremendous force is what is called “revolution”.
Human civilization has now reached a critical stage of transition. Exploitation of one human being by another has assumed alarming proportions. At critical junctures in the past, history witnessed the emergence of some mighty personalities who were able to overcome the problems in society. Today also, the guidance of mighty personalities with a comprehensive ideology is required to lead humanity away from the edge of disaster towards a glorious future.
The revolution which terminates the capitalist era requires the united struggle of the disgruntled workers. Shúdras (labour) can never be the actual revolutionaries because they lack sufficient moral stamina, responsibility and fighting spirit. Because of the martial character of shúdra revolution, the leadership of society passes into the hands of the kśatriyas (military, fighters) hence a new kśatriya era emerges. Through this clash and cohesion, human beings try to find the path of emancipation.
Capitalism is now rapidly moving into the final stage of degeneration. Society has become the victim of insatiable rapacity, unbearable hardship and heartless deprivation. Those countries suffering under the weight of capitalist exploitation are rapidly moving towards shúdra revolution.
PROUT advocates another type of revolution called “nuclear revolution”. In nuclear revolution, every aspect of collective life – social, economic, political, cultural, psychic and spiritual – is completely transformed. New moral and spiritual values arise in society which provides the impetus for accelerated social progress. This type of revolution results in all-round development and social progress.
Nuclear revolution can only be brought about by sadvipras (spiritual, moral leaders). Through their concerted effort, moral and spiritual power and all-round endeavour, they mobilize the exploited sections of society to overthrow the ruling class – the exploiters. This very struggle for mass upheaval liberates society from exploitation and ushers in a new era of peace and prosperity. In nuclear revolution, there is minimum loss of life and property, and the transformation of society is accomplished within a very short span of time.
Requirements For Nuclear Revolution: the presence of exploitation in any form, revolutionary organization, positive philosophy, revolutionary cadres, infallible leadership and revolutionary strategy. Regardless of the type of exploitation used by the exploiters, when society is moving towards revolution, the role of the exploiters is exposed. The exploiters are unable to disguise their exploitation any longer.
During the psychic preparation for revolution, the disgruntled sections of society will have to build a revolutionary organization which will create a congenial environment for revolution. The responsibility of the organization is like that of a government. Local activists or coordinators are connected to every level of the structure. All the activities of the revolution are directed by the highest body.
Positive philosophy. A progressive, comprehensive ideology is the invincible weapon of the revolutionary organization. It counteracts negative ideas in society and generates a powerful, positive psychic flow in the collective psychology. People become revolutionary-minded - yet vested interests determinedly try to resist positive change - hence polarization occurs in the collective psychology.
In addition, the philosophy must be based on practice, not on theory.
The theories of Marx… is a positive idea. But the concepts of dialectical materialism, the materialist conception of history, the withering away of the state, proletariat dictatorship, classless society, etc., are defective ideas which can never be implemented.
Revolutionary cadres. Before the revolutionary organization gives the clarion call for revolution, there must be intensive preparation. Ideologically educated revolutionary workers will have to channelize the psychology of the common mass to undertake revolutionary strugle! Such workers must adopt a rational approach inspired by the positive philosophy, have a well-developed socio-economico-political consciousness, and be dedicated to uplifting the standard of the common people. Through their dedication and dynamism, they will be able to bring the collective psychology in their favour.
Infallible leadership. Loss of life and property will be minimized to the extent to which the leadership is free from defects. Ideal leadership…will not only lead to a successful revolution, but will also fulfil the hopes and aspirations of the people in the post-revolutionary phase of society.
Due to intelligence, acumen, social awareness, oratory skill and some other qualities, a few leaders were successful in the instigating revolution, but later on they became the objects of slander because they were unable to guide society along the path of real progress.
Sadvipra leadership is the ideal form of leadership. Such leaders will be physically fit, mentally developed and spiritually elevated. With their help and guidance, revolution will be materialized.
Revolutionary strategy. The forces opposed revolution possess immense military power. In spite of it, the revolutionaries achieve victory. This victory is due not only to a well-knit organization, progressive ideology and exemplary leadership, but also to revolutionary strategy.
Leadership is not imposed from above, rather it establishes itself through dedication, sincerity, ideological zeal, fighting spirit and all-round capacity. Leaders gradually acquire such capabilities – step by step.
A common base of integrity and unity amongst the exploited members of society will have to be established. This is essential because at the time of revolution there will be an all-out fight against antisocial activities and corruption. The revolutionaries will have to fight against three forces – outside exploiters, internal exploiters and other inner evil forces. Yet the moral, psychic and spiritual strength of the revolutionaries will be the cause of their victory. Moral and spiritual power is infinitely stronger than physical force.
Although the primary duty of the revolutionaries is to drive out the exploiters, they also have to ensure that these exploiters do not get new opportunities to capture power or undermine society in the future.
The Role of Sentiments: Revolution always takes place around a sentiment. If there is no strong common sentiment, a revolution cannot take place. Sentiment is always stronger than logic.
Communism is now unable to fight against the local sentiments that are coming up in different parts of the world because these sentiments are stronger than communist sentiments.
PROUT is based on a universal sentiment which is applicable for the whole cosmological order, and it is systematically moving towards the implementation of this sentiment. Only PROUT can tackle all local sentiments and lead everyone in the world to universalism by gradual stages.
According to PROUT, there are two types of sentiments – positive sentiments and negative sentiments. Positive sentiments are synthetic in nature. Negative sentiments are narrow in scope and divide society. Some important positive sentiments include anti-exploitation sentiment, revolutionary sentiment, moral sentiment, cultural sentiment, universal sentiment and spiritual sentiment. Some negative sentiments include communalism, patriotism, nationalism, provincialism, lingualism and racism.
Hitler used racism in an effort to unite the German people and he succeeded in the short-term, but because he used negative sentiments only and had no positive sentiments, his approach resulted in a world war and the near destruction of Germany.
A society may be described as the collection of numerous parallel psychic waves which originate due to the psychic tendency of moving together in unison. The glory of human society lies in the formation of a universal collective structure inspired by exalted ideas.
P. R. Sarkar